Procedures

Chest construction surgery involves the removal or reduction of breast tissue and skin to make a flatter chest. It may involve changing the size and/or position of the nipples.

The goal is to have a chest with sensation, nipples with sensation (varies by technique), a fairly symmetrical chest with aesthetically pleasing contouring and minimal scarring (varies by technique).

Chest reduction is another option for those who prefer to minimize their chest tissue. These surgeries are done by a plastic surgeon.

Types of Procedures

There are many different techniques that can be used for chest construction. The technique used depends on factors like cup size and skin elasticity, as well as the size and position of your nipples. The three most common techniques are described below. Your surgeon will recommend a technique suited to your body shape and goals.

Keyhole

This technique is recommended for those with an A cup size and lots of chest skin elasticity.

  • A small incision is made along the bottom of the areola.
  • Breast tissue is removed via a liposuction needle through the incision.
  • The incision is closed. The nipple is usually not resized or repositioned.

This technique results in a small scar on the lower part of the areola and nipples with sensation.

Periareolar

This technique is recommended for those with a B cup size or a C cup size and moderate to lots of chest skin elasticity.

  • An incision is made all around the outside of the areola.
  • A second circular incision is made a few centimetres away from the first.
  • The doughnut shaped skin between the two incisions is removed.
  • Breast tissue is then removed with a scalpel, or with a combination of scalpel and liposuction.
  • Some trimming of the nipple areola complex may be done but the blood and nerve supply remain intact.
  • The skin is sutured together around the areola.
  • Drains (long thin tubing) may be placed in the chest to help drain off excess blood and fluid so that it will not build up under the skin.

This technique results in scarring that goes around the nipple-areola complex and nipples with sensation. There may be some puckering around the incision.

Double Incision

This technique is recommended for people with a C cup size and reduced skin elasticity, or a D cup size.

  • Large incisions are made horizontally across the chest, usually beneath the nipple.
  • The skin is peeled back. Breast tissue is removed with a scalpel.
  • Excess chest skin is trimmed.
  • Incisions are closed, leaving two scars below the pectoral muscle lines.
  • The nipple-areola complex is removed completely, trimmed to a smaller size and grafted to the chest in a higher position.
  • Two drains (long thin tubing) are placed along each incision to allow blood and fluid to escape.

This technique results in prominent scars. (You may be able to grow chest hair to cover the scars or building your pectoral muscles may make the scars less noticeable. 

Some people choose to get tattoos over their scars.) There may be possible changes to the pigment or the areola. The sensory changes include complete loss of sensation in the nipples.